Vasant Panchami, also spelled Basant Panchami, is a Hindu spring festival.
It is observed on the fifth day of the Indian traditional calendar month
of Magha, which typically falls in the Gregorian months of January or
The festival is celebrated in various ways depending on the region. Many
revere goddess Saraswati, the Hindu deity of learning, arts and music.She
is celebrated with visits to her temples, by playing music, as well as the
day when parents sit down with their children, initiate them into writing
letters of alphabet or study together.
Others mark it as the festival of god Kama, the Hindu deity of love, by
remembering the loved one particularly one's spouse or special friend,
celebrating it with spring flowers. Its link with the god of love and its
traditions have led some scholars to call it "a Hindu form of Valentine's Day".
Others wear yellow clothes and eat yellow rice to emulate the yellow mustard
(sarson) flower fields, or play by flying kites.
ESSENCE OF VASANT PANCHAMI
The day of Vasant Panchami is staunched to Maa Saraswati, the Goddess of knowledge,
arts, music, science and technology. On this very day, Vishnu, Radha Krishna and
Saraswati are worshipped with yellow, pink and white flowers. Apart from these,
water offerings, lamp, incense, Naivedyam (rice prepared with jaggery) and also yellow
colored halwa is presented to the almighty.
Vasant Panchami is also known as the festival of Harvest, as it signifies the blooming
flowers of mustard and hence yellow color upholds utmost significance in the celebration
of Vasant Panchami. The devotees of Goddess Saraswati adorn the idol of Goddess with yellow
sari and also the devotees wear yellow attires on this day. Also, it is considered as a
propitious occasion for the students to start their studies, marking a new beginning of
their learning period. Schools and colleges organise special prayers to worship the goddess
of wisdom. Usually the students place their books at the feet of Goddess and seek her blessing
for better learning & understanding.
As far as the Vidhi of Pooja is concerned, according to the time of muhurat following postulates
must be kept in mind-
- Wake up early in the morning. Take a proper bath and wear yellow coloured clothes after
- The Pooja place should be cleaned and you need to face the North or North-East direction
- A white cloth should be placed at the Pooja place and rice & pulse should be spread on it.
- Then Astadala Padma( eight petal lotus) is made with rice and the idol/photo of Saraswati Maa
should be placed there.
- Then flowers are to be offered followed by vermillion and then incense sticks should be burned.
After doing take Pooja Gandha, Akshata and Pushpa in the left hand leaving them over and with books
in the right hand you should chant the following mantra-
Om Shri Saraswatyai Namah। Anena Pujanena Shri Saraswati Devi Priyatam Namo Namah।
People who look forward to the spiritual enhancement can wake up early at 4 because the time from
4-6 is considered to be a Brahma Muhurat which is an auspicious time for gaining spiritual superiority.
BENEFITS OF VASANT PANCHAMI PUJA
It is considered as a propitious occasion for the students to start their studies, marking a new
beginning of their learning period. The Saraswati Pooja is highly beneficial for writers, creative thinkers
and vocal performers, especially for the singers. Saraswati is the Goddess of learning who endows humanity
with the greatest wealth i.e. knowledge. On the occasion of Vasant Panchami children are taught to write for
the first time by their mother, guru or a learned person using a chalk (khadiya) so that the child excels and
gains the best education and knowledge in the life ahead. Then after the worship of Goddess Saraswati, the
students keep their educational books underneath the idol of Goddess Saraswati. Apart from this, Brahmins are
fed and are given pulses (daal).
Goddess Saraswati is described as being white colored and wearing radiant white garments that represent
her pure Sattvic nature. She carries the vina, a musical instrument which symbolizes the vibrational harmony
of all life. She holds the Vedas (all knowledge) and a japa mala, which represents constant meditation upon the
Divine Names. While the Vedas represent knowledge and japa represents spiritual practice, by holding them both
aloft, Mother Saraswati shows us that for the attainment of any important goal—we need both knowledge and focus.