Diwali (Deepavali or Deepawali or Dipawali) is one of the India's biggest festivals.
Diwali means rows of lighted lamps. It is a festival of lights and every Indian celebrates it with joy. During this festival, people light up their houses and shops.
They worship Lord Ganesha for good welfare and prosperity and Goddess Lakshmi for wealth and wisdom.
Deepawali is an official holiday in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia.
When We Celebrate Diwali (Deepavali) ?
This festival is celebrated in the Hindu month of Kartika which falls sometime during October or November. It is celebrated to mark the return of Lord Rama from 14 years of Exile and his victory over the Demon Ravana. In many parts of India,
Diwali is celebrated for five consecutive days and is one of the most popular festivals in India. Hindus regard it as a celebration of life and use the occasion to strengthen family and relationships.
In some parts of India, it marks the beginning of the new year. It is celebrated not only in India but also abroad. The Hindus worship the Lord Ganesha and Goddess Laxmi during Diwali.
At night, buildings are illuminated with earthen lamps, candle-sticks and electric bulbs. Sweets and toy shops are decorated to attract the passers-by. The bazaars and-streets are overcrowded.
People buy sweets for their own families and also send them as presents to their friends and relatives.
At night, Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of wealth, is worshiped in the form of earthen images and silver rupee. People believe that on this day, Hindu Goddess Laxmi enters only those houses which are neat and tidy.
People offer prayers for their own health, wealth and prosperity. They leave the light on in buildings in their belief that Goddess Laxmi will find no difficulty in finding her way in.
Reason Behind The Celeberation of Festival Diwali (Deepavali)
The Victory of Rama:
According to Ramayana, Lord Rama exiled with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana and at the end of this period, Rama killed Ravana, the King of Demons.
Diwali embarked as a victory of Rama over Ravana, the goodness over the evil. The entire Ayodhya was illuminated with lights and fireworks as a symbol of happiness and excitement.
The Return of The Pandavas:
Mahabharata also has a story on Diwali. Pandavas were exiled for 13 years because they were defeated by the Kauravas in the game of gambling. But, the entire kingdom loved Pandavas and they celebrated the return of the five brothers after 13 years with lights and fireworks.
Earthen lamps were lighted as a sign of happiness.
Incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi:
Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, is considered to be incarnated from the deep sea on Diwali. Some parts of India celebrate Diwali as the birthday of Goddess Lakshmi. The legend also says that Goddess Lakshmi married Lord Vishnu on the same day.
Today Diwali is celebrated across the world as the "Festival of Light," where the lights or lamps signify victory of good over the evil within every human being .
Why Burst Crackers, You Ask?
It’s quite bright and colorful during Diwali. It is believed that the lights and noises produced through the fireworks are the postmen that we send to god, seeking good health, prosperity, knowledge and peace.
Also the festival is celebrated to mark the return of Lord Rama to his capital and also to mark the killing of Narakasura by Lord Krishna.
What Do The Sweet Dishes Represent on Diwali ( Deepavali) ?
Sweets mark celebration in the air. On Diwali, sweets are made and exchanged between people, as a sign of happiness and well-being amongst people. This is also done to enjoy the pleasure of giving.
Why Wear New Clothes On Diwali (Deepavali) You Ask?
It is the thought of prosperity. The new clothes we wear reflect the radiance and excitement within us.
The clothes we wear should exhibit brightness. So, make it as colourful as possible!